作者:Jennifer Churchill和Dan T. Gudgel
作者:Stephanie Jones Marioneaux医学博士
4月. 07, 2021
An 眼科医生 is a medical or osteopathic doctor who specializes in eye and vision care. Ophthalmologists differ from optometrists and opticians in their levels of training and in what they can diagnose and treat.
该去检查眼睛了, make sure you are seeing the right eye care professional for your needs. Each member of the eye care team plays an important role in providing eye care, but many people confuse the different providers and their roles in maintaining your eye health. The levels of training and expertise—and what they are allowed to do for you—are the major difference between the types of eye care provider.
Ophthalmologists are eye physicians with advanced medical and surgical training
Ophthalmologists complete 12 to 13 years of training and education, 并获得执业医师和外科医师执照. This advanced training allows 眼科医生s to diagnose and treat a wider range of conditions than optometrists and opticians. Typical training includes a four-year college degree followed by at least eight years of additional medical training.
眼科医生诊断和治疗所有眼病, performs eye surgery and prescribes and fits eyeglasses and contact lenses to correct vision problems. Many 眼科医生s are also involved in scientific research on the causes and cures for eye diseases and vision disorders. 因为他们是医生, 眼科医生s can sometimes recognize other health problems that aren't directly related to the eye, and refer those patients to the right medical doctors for 治疗.
Some 眼科医生s have specialized expertise in specific eye conditions
While 眼科医生s are trained to care for all eye problems and conditions, some 眼科医生s specialize further in a specific area of medical or surgical eye care. 这个人被称为副专家. 他或她通常完成一或两年额外的, more in-depth training (called a Fellowship) in one of the main subspecialty areas such as Glaucoma, 视网膜, 角膜, 儿科, 神经学, 眼科整形外科或其他. This added training and knowledge prepares an 眼科医生 to take care of more complex or specific conditions in certain areas of the eye or in certain groups of patients.
Optometrists provide vision tests, prescribe lenses and treat certain eye conditions
Optometrists are healthcare professionals who provide primary vision care ranging from vision testing and correction to the diagnosis, 治疗, 和管理的愿景变化. 验光师不是医生. An optometrist receives a doctor of optometry (OD) degree after completing 2 to 4 years of college-level education, 接下来是四年的验光学校. 他们获准从事验光工作, 主要包括视力检查和视力测试, 处方和配发矫正眼镜, detecting certain eye abnormalities and prescribing medications for certain eye diseases. Many 眼科医生s and optometrists work together in the same offices, as a team. In the United States, what optometrists are licensed to do for patients can vary from state to state.
眼镜师是受过设计训练的技术人员, 验证和适合眼镜镜片和框架, 隐形眼镜和其他矫正视力的设备. They use prescriptions supplied by 眼科医生s or optometrists, but do not test vision or write prescriptions for visual correction. 验光师不允许诊断或治疗眼病.
Ophthalmic medical assistants help physicians examine and treat patients
These technicians work in the 眼科医生's office and are trained to perform a variety of tests and help the physician with examining and treating patients.
Ophthalmic technicians/technologists assist with medical tests and minor surgeries
These are highly trained or experienced medical assistants who assist the physician with more complicated or technical medical tests and minor office surgery.
Ophthalmic registered nurses deliver medications and assist with surgeries
These clinicians have undergone special nursing training and may have additional training in ophthalmic nursing. 他们可以协助医生完成更多的技术性工作, such as injecting medications or assisting with hospital or office surgery. Some ophthalmic registered nurses also serve as clinic or hospital administrators.
Ophthalmic photographers use cameras to document a patient's eyes
These individuals use specialized cameras and photographic methods to document patients' eye conditions in photographs.
Without healthy vision it can be hard to work, play, drive or even recognize a face. 影响视力的因素有很多, including other health problems like high blood pressure or diabetes. Having a family member with eye disease can make you more prone to having that condition. 偷视眼病随时可能出现. Often vision changes are unnoticeable at first and difficult to detect.
如果你从未拥有过一个完整的, 扩张眼科检查, the 美国眼科学会 recommends that everyone have a complete medical eye exam by age 40, 然后按照你的眼科医生的建议经常使用. 即使你很健康, 最基本的视力检查是很重要的, to compare against in the future and help spot changes or problems.
眼部疾病有许多可能的症状. If you have any concerns about your eyes or vision, visit an 眼科医生. A complete, medical eye exam by an 眼科医生 could be the first step toward saving your sight.